After having worked with this breed for over a decade, I have discovered that there are some misconceptions in what the gait of the Tennessee Walking Horse (TWH) truly is. I think that many people who ride a TWH know that the horse is supposed to perform the running walk, or run walk. Therefore, when they're riding the horse and it is a smooth ride, they assume the horse is performing the running walk.
It is true that the preferred gait of the TWH is the running walk. It is executed in a precise manner that allows for maximum speed with minimal effort on the horse's part. The cadence of the running walk creates a smooth, gliding ride for the rider, with minimal or no bounce. This movement has been refined through years of selective breeding and paying attention to the quality of the horses being bred. It cannot be trained--it's a genetic trait that has been cultivated over time.
Within the TWH breed, however, there are many different gaits that the horses can execute. These gaits have different names based on how the legs are moving, conerning the timing of the footfalls, the head carriage, and the overall movement of the horse's body. The goal of all TWH riders should be to help the horse perform at his best by executing the running walk. But it's important for us to recognize what the other gaits are so we can learn to make changes to how we're riding to get the correct gait.
Why are TWHs gaited?
The answer is actually quite simple. The TWH was developed by plantation owners in the Southern United States during the early 1900s. The goal was to create a smooth riding horse that had the strength and stamina to be ridden all day long throughout the hundreds of acres of crops that plantation owners had at the time. This way, the owner could check on his crops and workers, cover more ground in half the time, and not be tired at the end of the day from being bounced around in the saddle. The horses had to be strong and sturdy with a using conformation and capacity to withstand long, hot days in the humid climate of this area. The breed was also used as a working and utility horse, and has since become popular as a show and trail mount. Particularly, the breed was developed in the State of Tennessee, hence the state's name in the horse's breed name. it is the first breed to have been named after a state in the United States. It is possible that it is also the first gaited breed native to the United States.
So why can’t all TWHs perform the running walk?
It’s not that they can’t all perform it. It’s that some TWHs need more work to bring it out of them than others. I find there are four main issues that contribute to this.
The first issue is the mere act of putting a saddle and person on the horse’s back. The best way to explain this is to equate it with our own bodies. The combined weight of the average rider and saddle is about 230 pounds. The average weight of a horse is 1,000 pounds. This means the horse is carrying just under one-quarter of its body weight when a rider gets on its back. The average person (male or female) weighs about 175 pounds, so let’s fill a backpack with one-quarter of that person’s weight, about 44 pounds. If the person puts on this backpack, you’ll see him shift his body and carry himself differently to accommodate for the weight change. The same thing happens for a horse. While he may perform a perfect running walk in the field, it might take some coaxing to help him find his balance and be able to perform that same running walk under saddle.
The second issue is due to breeding. Over time, people have bred for certain traits such as size, color and temperament quality and have not considered the impact it could have on the horse’s gait. Therefore, some TWHs just aren’t built to correctly perform the running walk as easily as others. That doesn’t mean that they’re not a true TWH or aren’t a smooth ride—it just means that it may not be in their conformation to be able to perform the true running walk that the TWH is famous for. However, all TWHs do have the true gait--it just might take more work to get it out of them than others.
The third issue is poorly-fitted tack. Gaited horses are physically built different than traditional breeds. Their center of gravity is usually slightly behind their withers, while many traditional breeds’ center of gravity is at their withers. The bone and muscle structure of gaited horses is also slightly different. The legs are hinged to the shoulders and hindquarters differently than with traditional breeds. This change in conformation has developed over tens of years of breeding for the smooth gaits.
This means that tack designed for traditional breeds, such as Quarter Horses, Thoroughbreds, and Arabians, usually will not fit a gaited horse. Quarter Horse bars in a saddle can sit too wide on a gaited horse’s back, causing pinch points at the top of the horse’s rib cage. The trees designed for Arabian horses can be too deep for a gaited horse, causing undue pressure on the middle of the horse’s spine.
There are many manufacturers that have a line of saddles designed for gaited horses, and there are some companies that specialize mainly in gaited horse saddles. Other manufacturers have saddles designed with flexible trees that can fit a gaited horse better than a traditional tree. However, before going out and buying the first saddle you see that’s designated for a gaited horse, I highly recommend calling around to your local saddle shops or searching the Internet for someone who can help you fit a saddle to your horse. Sometimes you might get lucky and find that a traditional saddle will fit your gaited horse. For example, I used to have a saddle designed for Arabian horses that perfectly fit a Missouri Fox Trotter I was working with—he had high withers and a round back, very similar to an Arabian.
The fourth issue is lack of rider recognition of the true running walk. While I hate to say it, I find that many people that ride gaited horses truly don’t know what gait their horse is performing. If they don’t know what gait the horse is performing, then how can they help the horse to achieve his maximum capability under saddle?
Why is it important for the TWH to perform the true running walk?
There are two reasons why it’s important for the TWH to perform the true running walk. The first is the most important. It's because a horse that is not gaiting correctly for his conformation can wind up with back, neck, leg, knee, and shoulder problems over time. This can be a serious problem as the horse gets older as it can cause arthritis or more serious medical issues.
The second is relevant if you are interested in showing your horse. The TWH must be able to perform the gaits true to the breed in the show ring. TWH show venues all have rules and regulations specific to their venue, but the fact that the TWH must perform the gait true to the breed is consistent within all venues.
So how do I recognize the running walk?
Recognizing the running walk is easy once you know what you’re looking for. So I have attempted to explain the running walk and the other gaits of the TWH on these pages.
Please note that the following is a very basic explanation of what the different gaits are. I have tried to word the explanation of the gait so anyone can understand it. I’ve also included photos and videos to help illustrate what I’m talking about.
I also highly recommend that you consult the references included on the following page. I used these references to design these pages, and I think they are some of the best references available for explaining the gaits of all gaited breeds and helping riders understand why the above issues are so important.
Now, on to the fun part: learning about the gaits!
THE TWH GAIT CHART
|Gait Type||Pace||Stepping Pace||Flat Walk|
Interpretation of the TWH Gaits Chart
Okay, so, what does all of this mean? Let’s break it down.
Lateral = On the same side; in this situation, refers to the legs on the same side of the horse.
Square = Four-cornered; in this instance, the feet hit the ground in four-cornered, evenly spaced footfalls.
Diagonal = On opposite sides and opposite corners; in this case, referring to the legs.
2-Beat = There is an obvious 2-beat sound, similar to a march.
4-Beat = There is an obvious 4-beat sound, similar to the chugging of a train.
A 2-beat gait means there is suspension between beats while the legs switch positions. In the case of a lateral 2-beat gait such as the pace, the legs on the left side are in the air while the legs on the right side are on the ground. When the two sides switch, there is a moment when all four feet are off the ground, creating a split moment of suspension. This suspension is what creates the bounce in a trot or a pace.
A 4-beat gait means there is no suspension between beats when the legs switch positions. In the flat walk, the horse usually always has three feet on the ground and one in the air as he’s traveling. In the fast 4-beat gaits, such as the speed rack, the horse will always have one foot on the ground and three feet in the air. In this way, the legs are each placed independently and there is no suspension. Therefore, this lack of suspension is what creates the smooth ride because there’s no bounce.
The Breakdown of the Movement of the Gaits
How the Horse Moves: The pace is a lateral, two-beat gait where the two legs on one side of the horse are in the air while the legs on the other side are on the ground. The lateral hooves leave the ground and return to the ground at the same time. The sound of the footfalls will be two-beat, as in a march (“HUP-two three four, HUP-two-three-four”). As stated above, there is a moment of suspension, where in one moment all four feet are off the ground.
Downloaded from Wikipedia.org
Downloaded from http://www.britannica.com/
The above gif animation shows an excellent example of the pace and how the horse’s body moves. We can clearly see the moments when the hooves on one side of the horse are on the ground, the moment of suspension, and then when the hooves on the other side of the horse are on the ground. The horse’s legs will stretch out far in front of him and behind him, and he will carry himself in a stretched frame. Click here for a video of Standardbred Pacers during a race in 1982—this video really shows the horses’ movement as there are several close-up shots.
How the Rider Moves: The pace shifts the rider from side to side in the saddle with suspension, usually causing a bounce. It can be comfortable at the extreme speeds, especially when riding the Icelandic horse’s flying pace. However, the pace is usually bouncy because of that suspension and extremely difficult to ride comfortably. While a rider can post when riding a trot, it’s very difficult to post when the horse is pacing because the horse is not bumping the rider up and down as it does in the trot.
It’s important to know that THE PACE IS NOT A TRUE TWH GAIT. The reason why is because many other breeds can perform it or some variation of it. It is the true gait of the Standardbred horse, the breed most commonly used in harness racing (above right photo). While Standardbreds were used to develop the original TWH bloodlines, the Standardbred’s contribution was probably only to help the TWH develop lateral movement.
If your horse is pacey, I highly suggest finding a good trainer to help you get him out of this pace. Many TWHs that travel in the pace are lacking strength in the ligaments and muscles of their back, legs, and neck, which means there is too much looseness that strength needs to build up through proper collection and exercise. This not only makes the ride more comfortable for you but also encourages the horse to use his body better according to his conformation and not develop problems over time.
The Stepping Pace
How the Horse Moves: As the stepping pace is a lateral, four-beat gait, there is an offbeat four-beat sound, where two of the beats are closer together than the other two, creating a slight pause after every two beats. The horse will travel with little or no head nod, although some horses will travel with a head nod similar to the head nod of the flat and running walks, but it won’t be as deep or animated. His nose may stick out in front of him, and many horses will swing their head from side to side. At faster speeds, the head motion may be completely gone. The steps of his hind legs will not have overstride. Overstride is where a horse’s hind foot will land in front of the same track as the front foot of the same side, and it is common in the true flat walk. In a stepping pace, the horse’s hind legs will not drive much further forward than the middle of his belly, depending on the horse’s conformation. Horses that are performing the stepping pace incorrectly to their conformation will hollow out their back and have “floppy” looking legs. This means the horse is not in frame—he is allowing his spine to sag and his legs are trying to compensate for that sag—and needs to be collected so he does not develop back, leg or neck problems over time.
Sometimes the horse will also carry himself with too much muscle development on the underside of his neck and his back will be hollow, somewhat like if we were to arch our back and tuck our chin in at the same time, then try to walk very quickly. The below photos demonstrate that movement.
These photos are of Dude's Bad Lady, a TWHBEA registered TWH mare. She is performing a strong stepping pace in these photos. Although blurry (I took the photos from a video), we can see the lack of overstride and the high placement of her head. Lady commonly swings her head from side to side when in gait. She is a very comfortable ride, though, and is equally comfortable in her frame and does not strain in the gait.
However, it is important to note that Lady is capable of a flat walk. The following photos are of her a few years later at a natural gaited horse clinic in Scottsdale, Arizona.
Photographs by Siiri Cole
Since having learning how to carry herself better, round her back, and soften her neck and poll, Lady is showing that she certainly has a flat walk inherent in her genetic makeup.
NOTE: Some horses will travel in a stepping pace that is extremely close to the look of a true flat walk (see the description of the flat walk). To distinguish the difference, it’s important to listen to that horse’s footfalls—if they are even slightly offbeat, then he is traveling in a stepping pace.
Videos of horses performing the stepping pace:
FINAL NOW (First Video): This is an excellent example of a stepping pace. The person who posted the video is right—he is in a stepping pace, but she is working on his gait being more and more consistent as a flat walk.
FINAL NOW (Second Video): Here is the same horse again, and while the picture isn’t the best, be sure to turn on your sound and listen to the hoofbeats. There are four beats, but they do not have even timing between each hoofbeat. With more consistent work this horse was able to even out his timing, learn to stride and head nod, and really start flat walking.
VIDEO AT NWHA COLORADO CHAMPIONSHIP, JULY 2007: Watch the sorrel horse with the three white socks and the rider with the red jacket. When performing the flat walk, this horse is actually executing a stepping pace. While he looks very smooth and comfortable, this is not what should be exhibited in the show ring. The horse must exhibit overstride and a true head nod (see description of Flat Walk and Running Walk).
How the Rider Moves: The stepping pace moves the rider from side to side with the motion of the horse’s back. The rider may feel the tightening of muscles on the left side of the horse’s back, then the right, in time with the horse’s movement. The hoofbeats will be four-beat but uneven. This can be very comfortable at slower speeds, but at faster speeds it may become rougher to ride. There will be a distinct shift from side to side in the saddle, but there won’t be the hard bounce of a true pace.
The best way to correct a stepping pace so the horse begins to move in a true flat walk is to teach the horse to round it’s body and bring it’s head in. I recommend working with a dressage trainer to help you achieve this—the type of work involved in basic dressage training teaches the horse these exact methods in a humane and consistent manner. See our Gaited Horse References page for more information.
The Flat Walk and Running Walk
How the Horse Moves: The flat walk and the running walk constitute the same movements in the horse’s body. The running walk is merely the faster version of the flat walk. We’ll describe this as the flat walk for now. The horse’s legs will move independently in the flat walk. Each leg will leave the ground and strike the ground at independent intervals in the pattern of left hind, left front, right hind, right front. This constitutes a square, four-beat gait, which means that each foot will hit the ground in an even tempo that is clearly four beats in the sound. I liken it to the chugging of a train, where the rider can actually use the saying from The Little Engine That Could: “I think I can, I think I can, I think I can.” The steps of the horse’s hind hooves will usually have overstride. As stated in the stepping pace section, overstride is where a horse’s hind foot will land in front of the same track as the front foot of the same side. The rear hooves will move straight and track close to the ground with little hock action, which will cause the movement of the croup to level out and move smoothly and effortlessly. Overall, the horse should reach and pull with his front legs and push and drive with his hind legs.
The flat walk is accompanied by a vertical head nod from the withers. The head will nod up and down as though the horse is saying an enthusiastic “yes” where the whole neck and head moves, not just his head. When the horse is very relaxed in his gait, his ears will flop forward and back and he will even click his teeth together as his jaw will be relaxed. There is an old saying: “If it ain’t noddin’, it ain’t walkin’!” This really is true, although some horses will have a stronger head nod than others. The horse will carry his neck somewhat higher than his topline, but not so high that he is straining or hollowing out his back. His nose will not be “out” but either on the vertical or slightly behind or in front of it, depending on his comfort level.
In this photo, I am riding
This photo is me riding Henery’s Blue Supreme, or Indigo, a gelding I owned that consistently placed in the top three at sound gaited horse shows. Note how his mane is waving—this is one sign that we can tell he is in a correct flat walk asn the mane will move up and down with the nodding of the horse’s head.
In the running walk, the speed is increased, which means the stride will lengthen and the speed of the hoofbeats and head nod will increase. There is a noticeable increase in speed when you ask your horse for the running walk with minimal or no transition between the two gaits. However, it’s important to remember that form should never be sacrificed for speed in transitioning from the flat walk to the running walk. If the horse stops nodding or doesn’t have the limited hock action and smooth croup movement, then he is not performing a true running walk.
Videos of horses performing the flat walk and running walk:
FLAT WALK: This is Papa’s Royal Delight, a naturally well-gaited stallion. Papa goes barefoot and is a phenomenal example of how a horse should truly move in the flat walk. Be sure to check out the rest of Howe They Walk Farm’s videos to see Papa performing a dog or working walk and a canter. Their descriptions of the gaits are also excellent.
RUNNING WALK: Once again, here’s Papa, performing an incredible running walk.
Flat walk and running walk videos provided courtesy of How They Walk Farm.
VIDEO AT NWHA COLORADO CHAMPIONSHIP, JULY 2007: This video is also linked in the Stepping Pace section, but this time I want to point out Indigo and me (the only blue roan in the video). You can see how well Indigo executes the flat walk, but he falls in and out of it because he is still building muscle and learning how to stay balanced. I am using my legs, body and hands to quitely and humanely ask him to stay balanced and in his true frame, rebalancing him when he falls out of his gait and keeping him as consistent as I can. This was a novice class and both our very first show and our very first place ribbon.
How the Rider Moves: When the flat walk or running walk is true and executed on even ground, it will truly feel as though the rider is riding on a cloud. The rider will not move at all and will be gliding along as though ice skating or riding in a hot air balloon. The horse will feel energetic and very well balanced beneath the rider’s seat. There will be no side-to-side or up-and-down motion. If on uneven ground, there might be a slight front-to-back motion as the horse reaches in front and drives behind. However, there will be no suspension between hoofbeats because they are square and four-cornered, and therefore there will no bounce or jarring of the rider.
The Fox Trot
How the Horse Moves: The fox trot is the only diagonal four-beat smooth gait. After discussing how lateral the movements are in the pace, stepping pace and flat walk, it’s hard to imagine a diagonal movement being smooth. However, it’s the four beats—the fact that each hoof hits the ground individually—that makes it a smooth ride. The diagonal legs—that is, the legs at opposite corners of the horse from each other—pick up almost at the same time but land separately. The breed advocates equate the sound the hoofbeats make to the saying “hunk o’ meat and two potatoes.” The horse holds his neck stretched out but with his head on the vertical. When the horse is performing the true fox trot, it will look as if his front legs are walking but his back legs are trotting, hence the term “walking in the front, trotting in the back.” This is not how the horse is actually moving—it’s an optical illusion created by the movement of the legs moving diagonally. There is no suspension between footfalls, and the speed is extremely ground covering and efficient without the horse tiring. The fox trot can be taught to other breeds, but they usually won’t have the natural ground covering range of speed that a natural fox trotting horse will have.
Downloaded from The International Museum of the Horse
Here’s a photo of a Missouri Fox Trotter, the breed that consistently performs the fox trot. It is a little known fact that the MFT is a descendent from the TWH. As any breed comes from a combination of other breeds, TWHs that performed the fox trot were cultivated for this quality as it was suitable for the rougher terrain of
Videos of horses performing the fox trot:
Take a look at the videos listed on this website under the heading "Foxtrot." The videos are excellent examples of MFTs at different ages and speeds. You can really see how each horse can move differently according to its conformation.
Fox trot videos provided courtesy of Color Country Foxtrotting Horse Connection.
How the Rider Moves: The fox trot is the only gait that both pushes the rider front to back in the saddle but also causes a “stutter-step bounce” in the hindquarters of the horse. The sound should be an uneven four beats, such as “ka-chunk, ka-chunk.” The gait may also have a head nod similar to that exhibited in the flat walk, but it isn’t necessary to define the fox trot. In the above linked videos, the head is swinging from side to side, similar to how the head will move in a stepping pace.
How the Horse Moves: The trot is essentially the exact opposite of the pace. It is a diagonal, two-beat gait where the two legs on the opposite corners of the horse are in the air while the legs on the other corners are on the ground; the right front and the left hind will be in the air while the left front and the right hind are on the ground. The opposite cornered hooves leave the ground and return to the ground at the same time. The sound of the footfalls will be two-beat, as in a march (“HUP-two three four, HUP-two-three-four”). Just as in the pace, there is a moment of suspension, where in one moment all four feet are off the ground.
Photographs downloaded from Wikipedia.org
The above gif animation shows a perfect example of a trot. The paired footfalls are clear, as is the suspension between footfalls.
There are actually many versions of the trot, but the most common version of the trot that we see in TWHs is the working trot—the trot a horse exhibits naturally in the field (see above right photo of a Friesian being shown at the working trot). Many TWHs will trot at liberty, and there is no fault in letting your TWH trot around with his pasturemates. However, it is best not to encourage it while riding the horse unless you plan to use the horse for events that require the trot. The physical requirements to perform the trot trains a gaited horse to change the way his body naturally moves. Once his body is trained to trot, it is very difficult to get him to perform his natural gait again. This is not because he’s stubborn or stupid, but because his body needs to relearn how to move itself to get that natural gait back. This can be a long and arduous task, so it’s best not to allow a TWH to trot under saddle from the very beginning.
Many people also believe that because a TWH shouldn’t trot under saddle, then they shouldn’t be used for events that require trotting, such as dressage. However, gaited horses are beginning to come to the surface in their own form of dressage, where the execution of the different styles of trot are substituted with the different speeds of the horse’s natural gait. It’s very exciting to see the gaited horses now able to participate in a venue that was previously reserved only for those horses that could trot!
How the Rider Moves: The suspension between footfalls bounces the rider up and down in the saddle. With each push of the feet off of the ground, the rider is sent up in the air. Gravity brings her back down during the suspension phase and usually lands at to the moment when the opposite cornered feet are hitting the ground, this movement then pushing her back up out of the saddle again.
This can be jarring on the rider’s body, so to minimize pressure on her spine, the rider may choose to post the trot. When posting, the rider raises her seat out of the saddle by pushing with her legs up for one beat, then lowers herself for the second beat. She pushes when the horse is pushing himself off the ground, and in this way they are moving simultaneously in tandum. This also frees up the horse’s back and helps him to carry himself better by finding the rider’s rhythm and allowing his body to move freely with hers.
The rider also can “sit the trot,” which means she can keep her seat in the saddle at all times, as in the above gif animation. This type of riding should be reserved for horses that are well-conditioned and for riders that have conditioned their back and leg muscles to handling the jarring motion of the trot. Sitting the trot is usually reserved for Western Pleasure classes and upper-level dressage movements.
The rack is another gait that is consistently seen in all gaited breeds, and it is common in the TWH. In fact, many TWHs are double registered as Walking Horses and Racking horses.
How the Horse Moves: The rack has a lateral pickup but a four-beat set down. This means the feet lift laterally—two feet on one side come off the ground at the same time—but set down at four different times to create a 1-2-3-4 beat. The sound of the footfalls will be four-beat and almost sound like a slow gallop. At the slower saddle rack, there is a moment when both the front feet come off the ground at the same time, but never both hind feet. This causes the pattern of when the feet are on the ground to be three feet, two feet and one foot. At the true rack, which is much faster, the pickup sequences are the same, but there is never a moment where three feet are on the ground—there will only be one foot then two feet on the ground. There is also never a moment where both front feet are on the ground or both back feet are on the ground.
In both speeds of the rack, the horse carries itself with very high neck and head carriage with no movement of the head. The croup moves up and down with the rapid movement of the hind legs, and the hocks flex sharply at each step. The horse will have high animation in it’s front legs and it will push off strongly with it’s hind feet.
Photographs downloaded from www.webshots.com
he photo on the left is of a Tennessee Walking Horse named Princess performing an excellent example of a rack. The photo on the right is of an American Saddlebred at the rack in the show ring. Many Saddlebreds are trained as “five-gaited” show horses. They will perform at the walk, trot, and canter, but they also perform a slow gait similar to a saddle rack and the true rack. The rack is very exciting—when the announcer calls “Rack on!”, the horses are sent into a true rack and seem to fly around the ring.
Videos of horses performing the rack:
ROWDY RAWHIDE’S ROCKET: This stallion is probably the absolute best example of a racking Tennessee Walking Horse. This horse is all natural—no gimmicks or gadgets to make him gait. It’s important to note that this video showcases all his gaits, from his natural flat walk all the way up to his 35 mph speed rack. His owners have done the right thing in encouraging his natural flat walk along with his speed rack. Note the photos of Rowdy with one foot on the ground as he flies in his speed rack.
EZD FALCON ROWDY: This video shows different speeds at the rack. This stallion moves in a beautiful frame and set the standard for speed racking horses today. Rowdy is a grandson of this stallion.
How the Rider Moves: The rack is an extremely comfortable ride. The movement for the rider is slightly side to side. The shoulders and hindquarters move rapidly around the smooth center of the horse, where the rider sits. It is often described as if the horse is climbing a ladder in the front and “shaking his tail” in the back. At slower speeds it can be uncomfortable, depending on how the horse is carrying himself in his frame. However, proper training and muscle development can help smooth a horse's rack and help him to have a better fast rack on the trails.
The above explanations of the many gaits a TWH can perform are probably the most common gaits a TWH will perform both at liberty and under saddle. I believe it also illustrates why the gaited breeds were developed: to avoid the moment of suspension seen and felt in a pace and a trot and to be able to more comfortably ride a horse.
I hope this explanation of the gaits has helped you better understand how gaited horses move and why the gaited breeds are so desirable. If you ever wonder what gait your horse is performing, feel free to contact me and I can help you identify it. However, just remember that as long as your horse has proper training and is carrying himself in a well-balanced frame, then any smooth ride will do, no matter what gait it is!
I used these references to help create these pages. There is plenty more to learn about the gaits of the TWH and other gaited breeds—these references are merely the tip of the iceberg, but they are what I consider the best available for learning about gaited horses.
Also check out our Gaited Horse References page for more recommended books and DVDs!
Easy Gaited Horses, Lee Ziegler, Storey Publishing, 2005 (available at most online bookstores)
The Fabulous Floating Horses, Barbara Weatherwax, Markwin Press, 2003
Solving Gaited Problems With Your Tennessee Walking Horse Part II, Lonnie Kuehn, Pleasure Gait Farm, videotape, 71 minutes
NOTE: All of Ms. Kuehn’s videos are packed full of excellent information—I highly recommend viewing all of them.
Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia, www.wikipedia.org
Please note: The above information is not to be considered legal advice but as a guide only to understanding the gaits of the Tennessee Walking Horse. We have taken the time to study the gaits of the Tennessee Walking Horse through resources and persons educated in the correct form of each gait. We are not responsible for any misunderstandings resulting from the above information.